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No.65 (2004/9) >
|Title alternative ||:||A short term ollow-up study of physical fitness and health practices among school children in Okinawa, Japan|
|Authors ||:||高倉, 実|
|Authors alternative ||:||Takakura, Minoru|
|Issue Date ||:||Sep-2004 |
|Abstract ||:||This study employed a prospective study design to examine the reciprocal relationship between physical fitness and health practices among the upper graders of elementary schools in Okinawa, Japan. We determined the longitudinal associations of the change in physical fitness with the change in health practices during a one-year follow-up.
The subjects of this study were 236 boys and 218 girls enrolled in the fifth grade at four elementary schools, and were followed up to the sixth grade. The Sports-test was conducted in order to measure physical fitness consisted of grip strength, trunk extension, trunk flexion, side step, 20m shuttle run, 50m run, standing broad jump, and softball throw. Health practices, included sleep in moderation, eating breakfast, playing TV games, exercise after school hours, and taking lessons in various sports, were assessed by self-administrated questionnaires.
After adjusting for baseline physical fitness and growth velocity, there was a few significant difference in change in physical fitness by category of change in health practices. Boys who kept on eating breakfast increased physical fitness more than those improved the bad habit of breakfast. Moreover, boys who kept on exercise after school hours promoted physical fitness compared to those who did not exercise. Girls who kept on exercise after school hours increased physical fitness more than those who did not exercise or improved exercise habit.
In conclusion, change in most health practices did not have the effect on change in physical fitness during a one-year follow-up. Exceptionally, changes in exercise after school hours and eating breakfast were associated with change in physical fitness. Therefore, keeping on these practices may increase physical fitness level among school children.|
|Type Local ||:||紀要論文|
|Citation ||:||琉球大学教育学部紀要 no.65 p.99 -105|
|Appears in Collections||:||No.65 (2004/9)|
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