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No.29(1984/12) >

Title :Hawthorneの作品における"Dark Lady"について
Title alternative :On the "Dark Lady" in Hawthorne's Fiction
Authors :平良, 柾史
Authors alternative :Taira, Masashi
Issue Date :Dec-1984
Abstract :As Melville has pointed out in "Hawthorne and His Mosses," the power of blackness is the dominant image of Hawthorne's fiction. And we can see this power in Hawthorne's heroes and heroines - especially in the female characters, the so-called the "Dark Lady." The Dark Ladies are characterized by the external characteristics of black hair and black eyes, and by such internal qualities as "mystic," "passionate," "sensual" and "isolated." In this paper, I explore these characteristics in Hester in The Scarlet Letter, Beatrice in "Rappaccini's Daughter," Miriam in The Marble Faun, and Zenobia in The Blithedale Romance. In the case of "passion," a strongly marked characteristic of the Dark Lady, I discover the image of Eve as temptress in the characters of Hester, Beatrice, Miriam and Zenobia, especially in their relations with Dimmesdale, Giovanni, Donatello and Hollingsworth. Therefore, locations come to be associated with Eden, like the Rappaccini's garden, which is described as "the Eden of the present world." In this sense, the relations of Hawthorne's Dark Ladies with their male characters follow the myth of the Fall of Man. However, although the Dark Ladies are described as Eve-like temptress who bring about the fall of the male characters, they are also described as the attractive women full of energy. It can be said that the Dark Ladies represent Hawthorne's ambivalence, in sustaining Puritanic ethics, while, at the same time, criticizing the dismal rigidity of the Puritans.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0387-7957
Publisher :琉球大学法文学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/15767
Citation :琉球大学語学文学論集 = Ryudai review of language & literature no.29 p.201 -219
Appears in Collections:No.29(1984/12)

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