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Title :琉球列島の先史時代から近世に至る人びとの生活誌復元
Title alternative :Reconstructing the life experiences through prehistoric to early modern Ryukyuans
Authors :土肥, 直美
石田, 肇
泉水, 奏
瑞慶覧, 朝盛
高宮, 広士
米田, 穣
柴田, 康行
加藤, 祐三
Authors alternative :Doi, Naomi
Ishida, Hajime
Sensui, Noburu
Zukeran, Chosei
Takamiya, Hiroto
Yoneda, Minoru
Shibata, Yasuyuki
Kato, Yuzo
Issue Date :Mar-2005
Abstract :平成14年度~平成16年度科学研究費補助金(基盤研究(B)(2))研究成果報告書
要約(欧文):In this research, Doi N. investigated human skeletal remains excavated recently from Ryukyu islands. Skeletal morphology of medieval Gusuku age showed that the features of medieval Okinawans, like as distinct alveolar protrusion and dokichocrany, have close resemblances to those of the typical medieval Japanese. These features have never seen in the prehistoric Okinawans. These findings seemed to support the idea that chronological changes of skeletal morphology among the Okinawans were formed probably through the influence of medieval people from Japanese mainland. Ishida H. investigated dental morphology of Okinawans and discussed intra-populational variation and their affinities to surrounding areas. Takamiya H. analyzed plant and animal remains from archaeological sites, in the context of island prehistory. He introduced hypotheses on the origins of agriculture in the Okinawa archipelago and examined them based on archaeobotanical data. Yoneda M. analyzed stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes of collagen for series of human remains obtained from the Ryukyu islands, inducing Okinawa, Miyako, and Yaeyama islands. The results showed a significant diversity in the dietary habits on the Ryukyu islands both in space and time. While the results of the prehistoric and recent periods were best interpreted their protein sources to composed mainly of C3 and marine ecosystems, two populations in the Sakishima area of the Gusuku period showed clear evidence of C4 plants (e.g.foxtail millets) consumption and more strong dependence on marine protein, respectively. Kato Y. tried to devise the new method for estimating ages of archaeological sites in Ryukyu islands, by analyzing chemical components of pumice stones from archaeological sites in Ryukyu islands. Miyagi H. and Nishime A. prepared data base of human skeletal remains and archaeological sites from Ryukyu islands.
Type Local :研究報告書
Publisher :土肥直美
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/16029
Appears in Collections:Research Report (Faculty of Medicine)

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