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No.35(1990/12) >

 
Title :第一次世界大戦と戦争詩人 トマス・ハーディからアイザック・ローゼンバーグまで(2)
Title alternative :The First World War and the English War Poets: From Thomas Hardy to Issac Rosenberg(2)
Authors :吉村, 清
Authors alternative :Yoshimura, Kiyoshi
Issue Date :Dec-1990
Abstract :When the world war broke out on the 4th of August 1949, the British had gone to war for a cause - the neutrality and independence of "little Belgium." Therefore, they talked of the War in idealistic terms. This was "a war to end wars"; "to make the world safe for democracy." During the first phase of the War, the British were plunged into patriotic fervor, cheering outside Buckingham Palace and rushing to the recruiting offices. They were largely innocent and naive; they associated warfare with glorious cavalry charges and the heroic exploits of noble ideals. Similarly, the poets such as Rudyard Kipling, Laurence Bynion, John Freeman, Rupert Brooke, Herbert Asquith, and Julian Grenfell chose to write poems which illustrate the patriotic enthusiasm that prevailed in England. Their poems are generally heroic and romantic, showing exhortations to action or celebrations of action in contrast to later and grimmer anti-war poems. In discussing these poems, I will examine their common negative features which reflect the poets' view of the War as an escape from the ignoble life of pre-war England, their opportunistic attitudes toward the conflict, their fervent equation between war and sports, their failure to see the War as a mechanized conflict - all of which led them to depict the struggle as a chivalric mission, using hackneyed terms to celebrate the glories of war, and tending to view England as a place of pastoral beauty. Although the poems reveal the popular mood of the time, many of them have proved to be ephemeral and wretched as literary works and now of only hitorical interest.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0387-7957
Publisher :琉球大学法文学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/18209
Citation :琉球大学語学文学論集 = Ryudai review of language & literature no.35 p.139 -159
Appears in Collections:No.35(1990/12)

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