University of the Ryukyus Repository >
Faculty of Education >
Bulletin of the Division of Education, the University of Ryukyus >
No.4 (1960/12) >
|Title ||:||権威主義尺度に関する一研究 ― Ｆスケールの検討 ―|
|Title alternative ||:||A study of the California F scale|
|Authors ||:||与那嶺, 松助|
|Authors alternative ||:||Yonamine, Matsusuke|
|Issue Date ||:||Dec-1960 |
|Abstract ||:||In order to explore the meaning of authortarianism in Okinawa, a start was made by studying in this culture the nature of the California F scale which has been used most frequently as a measure of authoritarian attitudes. A Japanese translation of the original F scale (Form 40 and 45) was prepared and administered under conditions of anonymity to 112 students of the university of the Ryukyus and 90 elementary, junior high, and senior high school teachers in Okinawa.
The Z2 test was employed as a technique of item analysis to assay internal consistency of the scale items. Twenty three items of the Japanese translation of the F scale differentiate significantly between the highest and the lowest quartiles. The ratio of numbers of the personality factors or variables being represented by items are approximately similar in the both instances of 23-item and 3D-item scales except in the instances of variables of authoritarian submission and authoritarian aggression. The odd-even coefficients of reliability for the scale of the Japanese translation of the F scale, when corrected by the Spearman-Brown formula, are .675 for the students, . 726 for the teachers. These values are much lower as compared with .90 found by Adorno and others, but it may be considered reasonably adequate for an initial attempt. The low reliability may in part due to the seven items found to be lacking in validity.
The thirty-item scale differentiates significantly between the students and teachers, and between men and women.
This study is only an initial attempt, and many questions still remain open, to be investigated in further studies.|
|Type Local ||:||紀要論文|
|Citation ||:||研究集録 no.4 p.43 -53|
|Appears in Collections||:||No.4 (1960/12)|
Files in This Item: