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No.11 (1964/12) >

 
Title :沖縄における学童の栄養調査 1
Title alternative :Nutritional survey of school children in Okinawa. 1
Authors :新垣, 博子
外間, ゆき
尚, 弘子
稲福, 盛輝
Authors alternative :Arakaki, Hiroko
Hokama, Yuki
Sho, Hiroko
Inafuku, Seiki
Issue Date :Dec-1964
Abstract :A series of two nutritional surveys were conducted by joint work of two groups, medicallyoriented and dietary-oriented research groups. Each survey was conducted on different date at an interval of approximately 7 months: the first survey in November, 1962 and the second survey in June, 1963. The subjects were 559 pupils of a public elementary school, 283 boys and 276 girls, of ages ranging from 9 to 11 years. Findings of the dietary survey are summarized as follows. 1) 15% of total Calories is obtained from protein, 18% from fat and approximately 67% from carbohydrate. This proportion indicates a relatively good intake pattern. However, quantity of food intake is small and marked deficiencies of necessary diets are generally observed when compared with the nutritional requirement and with the requirement of each food group. 2) Dietary deficiencies are especially noticeable as to the intakes of vitamin A, Iron, Calories and summer time intake of Vitamin C. 3) Also noticeable are deficiencies of sugar and fats which provide energy; green and yellow vegetables and potatoes which provide vitamins and minerals; and milk and eggs which provide animal protein, vitamins and minerals. Only one food group that showed enough intake was other vegetables. Findings of the medical survey are summarized as follows. 1) 30 to 40% of the pupils examined show the various symptoms of nutritional deficiency. 2) Skin-follicular keratosis occupies the largest percentage of deficient pupils regardless of sex' at both seasons in which two surveys were conducted. 3) Shortage of Iron and vitamins in the diet is indicated by relatively high percentages of angular scars, calf tenderness and anemia observed among deficient pupils. 4) Percentage of the diseased is higher among boys than girls, and in summer, June 1963, more deficient pupils were found than in November 1962.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0485-7828
Publisher :琉球大学農家政工学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/19454
Citation :琉球大学農家政工学部学術報告 = The science bulletin of the Division of Agriculture, Home Economics & Engineering, University of the Ryukyus no.11 p.162 -167
Appears in Collections:No.11 (1964/12)

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