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No.7 (1964/6) >

Title :学級集団内における社会測定的人気度の分析
Title alternative :An analysis of sociometric Popularity of children in the classroom
Authors :赤嶺, 利男
名城, 嗣名
Issue Date :Jun-1964
Abstract :The pupose of this study was to examine the relationships between the sociometric popularity and the variables pertaining to the intelligence, personality, and academic achievement of children in the sixth-grade c1assroom. Th e study involved 222 boys and gir1s in a pu1:llic school of Naha, Okinawa. The tests and questionnaires used were 1) a non-verbal group intelligence test, 2) a sociometric quetionnaire, 3) a self-acceptance scale, and 4) a diagnostic personality test, which altogether yielded a total of twelve variables. The girls were found to be slightly, but significantly, more nervous and less temperamental than the boys, but otherwise the differences between sexes in these variables were not statistically significat. The popularity in the "work" situation and that in the "leisure" situation as presented in the sociometric questionnaire were differentiated substantially by both boys and girls. The self-acceptance score correlated significatly with the popularity only in the "work" situation while the academic achievement (the average grade), the social extrovertedness, and the general exdrovertedness generally correlated more strongly with the popularity in the "work" situation than in the "leisure" situation. Among the girls, the academic achievement was the most outstanding one of the few positive correlates of the popalarity, whereas among the boys it was only one of the several variables showing moderate degrees of correlation with the popularity. For the boys the correlation yielded by the social extrovertedness was the most outstanding of all. The variables used in this study generally tended to correlate more positively with the "work" situation popularity than with the "leisure" situation popularity, and also more positively among boys than among girls. The correspondent relationships between the characteristics of the child and those of children whom he would choose as partners was more clearly observable in the "work" situation than in the "leisure" situation Upon the Chi-square test, such variables as the pooularity, the academic achievement, the intelligence, and the extrovertedness in reasoning were significantly associated with one's choice of his partners: the child tended to choose as his partners children who had similar characteristics in these variables. This trend was more noticeable among boys than among girls. The level of such associations was too low, however, to be of use for prediction purposes. The results indicate that the sociometric qopularity of children in the classroom is not dependent decisively upon, or predictable from, any of the variables examined in this study. Neither is it possible to predict from such data the probable pattern of socion:etric association for a given child. Whatever statistics found to be significant are not sufficient as basis for making predictions. That the results of this study and studies reported by others do not show consistent components of children's sociorretric popularity or association may indicate that those specific variables as have been studied and found to be statistically significant in one situation or another are only partial determinants of the popularity or the association dependent, in varying degrees, upon the scale of the social acceptability and the social ranking system which are defined in each specific social group in accordance with the group's own unique system of central behavioral norms.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0485-7801
Publisher :琉球大学教育学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/19457
Citation :研究集録 no.7 p.1 -10
Appears in Collections:No.7 (1964/6)

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