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Vol.9 (2012/3) >

 
Title :日本の「女の歴史」と琉球・沖縄 -山路愛山の社会史研究-
Title alternative :Japanese Women's History and Ryukyu/Okinawa -Yamaji Aizan's Study of Social History-
Authors :伊藤, 雄志
Authors alternative :Ito, Yushi
Issue Date :Mar-2012
Abstract :明治大正時代のジャーナリスト山路愛山は,日本および琉球などの「周辺地域」における女性の社会生活に注目し,戦後に盛んになった社会史研究に先行する史論を発表した。沖縄学の父伊波普猷と同様に山路は日琉同祖論を主張し,明治政府による琉球処分を肯定的に見ていた。しかし山路は,単に「帝国主義的」な琉球観を抱いていたのではなく,琉球を含む日本列島における女性の商業・宗教上の活動に注目し,良妻賢母を支える家父長制が建国以来の日本固有のものだという当時の通説には根拠がないと批判した。本稿では,歴史における女性の社会的役割に注目した新井白石の業績を高く評価した山路が,琉球などの「周辺地域」を日本史研究の中に取り込み,さらに儒教主義に基づく紋切型の日本女性像を是正し,「婦人の解放」の必要性を訴えていたことを明らかにしたい。
Yamaji Aizan, a journalist of the Meiji and Taisho periods, studied the social lives of women in Japan and its 'neighbouring regions' such as Ryukyu and published historical essays which preceded the rise of social history in the post-war period. Like Iha Fuyu, the father of Okinawan studies, Yamaji argued in favour of the theory that Ryukyuans and Japanese shared common ancestors and accepted 'the Disposition of Ryukyu' (Ryukyu Shobun) as a reality. However, he did not simply hold an 'imperialist' view of Okinawa, but stressed the role of women in trade and religion on the Japanese islands including Ryukyu. He criticised the commonly-accepted theory that patriarchy, which had been considered as the basis of the ideology of 'good wife and wise mother', was 'unique' to Japan since the foundation of the state. In this paper, I will suggest that Yamaji had high regard for the achievements of Arai Hakuseki, who emphasised the social role of women in history, and included Japan's 'neighbouring regions' such as Ryukyu in his study of Japanese history. In doing so, I will clarify that Yamaji criticised the stereotyped image of Japanese women based on Confucianism and advocated the necessity of liberating women.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :1348-8368
Publisher :琉球大学留学生センター
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/24138
Citation :留学生教育 : 琉球大学留学生センター紀要 Vol.9 p.1 -19
Appears in Collections:Vol.9 (2012/3)

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