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No.82 (2013/3) >

 
Title :沖縄県におけるスポーツ医・科学サポートの取り組みについて-心理的サポート効果からの検証-
Title alternative :A case study of applying Sports Medical and Science Support of Okinawa Prefecture-The verification of provided mental training program-
Authors :宮城, 政也
三輪, 一義
石垣, 愛一郎
Authors alternative :Miyagi, Masaya
Miwa, Kazuyoshi
Ishigaki, Aiichirou
Issue Date :Mar-2013
Abstract :The purpose of this study was to verify an effectiveness of mental-training program to a public high-school soccer team after sport medical and science committee of Okinawa prefecture was funded in 2009, prior to the national high-school summer athletic tournaments of every event that was held in Okinawa prefecture in 2010. Furthermore, it is to examine the committee's role for the future how the committee should involve with student-athletes and coaches on-site. This should lead to building the structure of the organization, not only for providing the mental training program as well as other services, but also providing communication as a tool between the committee members and people on-site to seek benefits on both sides. A total of 25 males of a public high school soccer members were selected (Inter-high-school-championships strengthening designated team by Okinawa prefecture) in this study from July 2008 to January 2009. The subjects were provided the mental training program once a week for 30 to 90 minutes, and the contents of mental-training program was delivered through lectures, and hysical exercises followed by practical guidance. The content consisted of several major subjects, such as individual counseling and consulting, goal setting training, relaxation and psyching-up techniques to make them routines, motivation, concentration and imagination training and building self-confidence. In addition, DIPCA (Diagnostic Inventory of Psychological Competitive Ability for Athletes) was used as a questionnaire to compare the mental statement of the subjects before the program was provided and after the program was provided in 5 months. The score as a whole significantly increased from 174.8 to 186.1. As a result of analyzing each factor of DIPCA, the significant increase factors in a score were "motivation to win" (Z=-2.1, p=.038) and“mental calmness”(Z=-2.4, p=.017),“relaxation capability”(Z=-2.4, p=.015), “concentration”(Z=-2.3, p=.023), and“the capability of decision making process”(Z=-2.0, p=.046). Another result of direct evaluation by the subjects answered “it was very effective” (50%), “it was effective to some extent”(29.2%), and“not understanding”(20.8%) was obtained from Q1 of DIPCA. Also, other questions were asked “How effective is the mental training for you ?”, and “How useful is the mental training for the team?”. Answers indicated “it was very effective”(70.8%),“it was effective to some extent”(16.7%), and “not understanding” (8.3%). In conclusion, the provided mental training program was effective to the majority of subjects in many ways, although the committee members need to communicate with on-site coaches that this is an on-going learning process for both students and coaches, instead of seeking better results right away. Therefore, the committee members should find flexible ways of involving other specialists, such as the physical therapist and the nutritionist as a total support to provide necessary on-site services in the future.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :1345-3319
Publisher :琉球大学教育学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/26655
Citation :琉球大学教育学部紀要 no.82 p.277 -282
Appears in Collections:No.82 (2013/3)

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