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No.3 (1999/3) >
|Title ||:||大正期農村部における学校の社会的位相 ―地方改良運動から民力涵養運動への転換に着目して―|
|Title alternative ||:||A Study on the Social Phases of Schools of Rural Areas in the Taisho Era -Paying Attention to the Turning Point from CHIHO KAIRYO UNDO to MINRYOKU KANYO UNDO-|
|Authors ||:||背戸, 博史|
|Authors alternative ||:||Seto, Hirofumi|
|Issue Date ||:||Mar-1999 |
|Abstract ||:||The purpose of this paper is to clarify the social phases of schools in the Taisho era. They were the changing situations of schools which the interaction between the national values and people's values provided.
Then, this paper pays attention to the turning point from CHIHO KAIRYO UNDO to MINRYOKU KANYO UNDO, because it had two notable facts.
The first was that the Ministry of Interior and the Ministry of Education began to differ in their policies of controlling people in the process of MINRYOKU KANYO UNDO, though they were in unanimous cooperation during the period of CHIHO KAIRYO UNDO. Though the Ministry of Interior held the traditional national value, the Ministry of Education took a critical attitude to it and put forward a new value. As a result, the national value became dual.
The second fact is that a new value of people appeared in MINRYOKU KANYO UNDO, though people considered "IE" and "MURA" a unified value during the period of CHIHO KAIRYO UNDO. As consumption-oriented people appeared after World War I, the Ministry of Education presented a new value; "SEIKATSU" as one of ideal patterns of consumption-oriented people. There were different reactions to this "SEIKATSU" between urban areas and rural areas, and they made people's value dual.
This meant not only the changes of the national and people's values but also the changes in the relations between nation and people, and actual situations of schools in the said era were changed in connection with those changes.
Social phases of schools in the Taisho era were divided into two types. The first was the old type which subsumed people's values. Schools included the logic of "IE" and "MURA", and, for people, the participation in schools by themselves had the meaning of the formation of their value.
In the Taisho era, however, a new social phase of schools was formed by the forthcoming of a new value, "SEIKATSU". As a result, schools did not subsume people's values, but they became a means to get the "SEIKATSU".
This new phase had two types between urban areas and rural areas. The urban type was "the consumption of schools" for the purpose of getting "SEIKATSU". The rural type was "the production by schools". People in the rural area made use of schools to produce a rural "SEIKATSU" to make up for "SEIKATSU".|
|Type Local ||:||紀要論文|
|Citation ||:||人間科学 ＝ Human Science no.3 p.183 -205|
|Appears in Collections||:||No.3 (1999/3)|
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