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No.60 (2013/12) >

 
Title :放牧牛の連続体温測定について
Title alternative :Methods for continuous measurement of grazing cattle body temperature.
Authors :平川, 守彦
平山, 琢二
森山, 克子
Authors alternative :Hirakawa, Morihiko
Hirayama, Takuji
Moriyama, Katsuko
Issue Date :27-Dec-2013
Abstract :This study was conducted to investigated the methods of continuous body temperature determination in grazing Japanese Black cattle. The relationships of body temperature with grazing behavior of cattle and also diurnal change in body temperature were analyzed. Seven Japanese Black cattle, 334 kg of average weight, were grazed on dominant pastue of Paspalum conjugatum Berg and Bidens Pilosa L.var. radiata Scherff. A cow 380 kg of body weight was selected and carried out four times during from january from December. Body temperature of cow was determined in which two thermo-recoder inserted the rectum and vagina. It were found that continuous determination of diurnal temperature of cow under grazing at one minute interval for 24-hour was successful when thermistor was inserted into the vagina of cow. Diurnal changes of vaginal temperature were showed circadian rhythm, being lowest at 10:00 and highest at 20:00. Body temperature of cow increased when the animal lied down and returned to the normal after standing up. It were made known that vaginal temperature of grazing cow has gone up, and gone down in standing.
牛の体温は分娩予知,発情発見,暑熱・寒冷ストレスの評価,疾病の早期発見などの指標として利用価値が高い.しかし,今までの牛の連続体温測定は,ほとんどが牛舎内や環境制御室で行われていた.そこで,本研究では放牧条件下での連続体温測定方法を検討した.実験により得られたデータから体温の日内変動を分析した.同時に環境温度・湿度の測定,行動調査を行い,体温変動との関係も解析した.琉球大学内にある放牧草地に平均体重334kgの黒毛和種7頭を放牧し,そのうちの1頭を用いて行った.放牧条件下で行った1分間隔の24時間連続膣温測定は可能であることがわかった.膣温の日内変動には概日リズムが認められ,いずれの日も午前8時~10時に低く,午前8時~10時に高い値を示した.また,放牧牛の体温は,横臥状態に上昇し,起立時に下降することがわかった.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/28955
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.60 p.59 -63
Appears in Collections:No.60 (2013/12)

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