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No.2 (2013/3) >

Title :【《UH・UR合同シシポジウム》報告】Renewable Energy Policy Development in Hawai'i
Authors :Tarui, Nori
Authors alternative :樽井, 礼
Issue Date :29-Mar-2013
Abstract :This presentation reviews the development of recent renewable energy policy in Hawaii. It aims at identifying factors that influence the effectiveness of these policies in terms of energy availability and prices, energy security, and greenhouse gas reduction potential in the region. The State of Hawaii has a unique energy situation relative to the mainland United States. In 2008, close to 70% of electricity in the United States came from the combustion of coal and natural gas. In contrast, the State of Hawaii supplies more than 90% of its electricity by combusting imported petroleum. Given the local policy makers' and the general public's concerns about such high oil import dependence, the State adopted Hawaii Clean Energy Initiative (HCEI, 2008). HCEI aims to achieve 70% clean energy by 2030 with 30% from efficiency measures and 40% coming from locally generated renewable sources. Subsequently, a few policies to enhance clean energy development have been implemented (feed-in tariff, revenue decoupling, net metering). However, few in-depth studies analyze the effectiveness of such policies. Drawing on the experience in other US states and countries, the presentation will intend to assess the effectiveness of these new policies. Comparing the cases of Hawaii, Japan, and Okinawa in particular, could generate useful implications about the ongoing energy policy reforms in these regions. Given the rising oil prices and concerns about reliance on nuclear power after the Fukushima accident in 2011, Japan is increasing its reliance on oil- and natural gas fired power generation on one hand and has been accelerating its policies to encourage renewable energy adoption (including feed-in tariffs in 2012) on the other. Documenting the details of political economy behind policy changes in both places tell us what factors promoted renewable energy policy. By assessing the effectiveness of the newly adopted policies, we will have a better idea about how renewable energy policy could be improved to allow more efficient energy transition that strikes an optimal balance between energy security and effectiveness in addressing climate change concerns. Given the similarity and difference of energy situations in Okinawa and Hawaii, shared discussions on energy policy in the two island states will generate a useful learning and research opportunity.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :2186-7933
Publisher :琉球大学国際沖縄研究所
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/30094
Citation :国際琉球沖縄論集 = International Review of Ryukyuan and Okinawan Studies no.2 p.123 -131
Appears in Collections:No.2 (2013/3)

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