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No.10 (2015/2) >

Title :近代首里の文教都市化に及ぼす移民の役割
Title alternative :The Role of Emigrants in the Development of an Education City in Modern Shuri
Authors :花木, 宏直
Authors alternative :Hanaki, Hironao
Issue Date :Feb-2015
Abstract :Emigration has increased in modern Japan. Many people who have left their hometowns have become involved in developing them from afar. This article examines patterns in the role of emigrants in the development of their former hometowns in modern Japan. This article focuses on the Shuri area in Okinawa prefecture. Okinawa is one of the prefectures in modern Japan from where many people have emigrated. First, I survey the patterns behind the development of modern Shuri. Next, I examine who contributed to the development. In modern Shuri, the center of government in Ryukyu-Okinawa was lost and this led to population decrease. Many people, including the samurai’s oldest son, emigrated to become office workers or shop managers. Further, Shuri was developing its “Education City” by authorizing the use of Shuri Castle for conducting cultural heritage activities and building a library and a museum modeled in the late Taisho era style. Many people living in other areas were involved in the development of the Education City in Shuri. First, influential residents of Okinawa, office workers, and bank clerks living in the urban areas of Japan played a significant role in building the Education City by organizing and contributing to schools’ memorial events. However, they could not contribute enough in terms of money. Next, visitors from outside Okinawa, such as the artist Kamakura Yoshitaro, contributed to authorizing the use of Shuri Castle for cultural heritage activities. However, construction on the Shuri city library was stopped because of a lack of initiative. Thus, residents of Shuri alone could not complete it. Third, the Sho royal family had contributed significant funds for the preservation of education facilities, before the late Taisho era. However, their contribution decreased in the later generations after the early Showa era. Emigrants in Hawaii, Peru, and other areas contributed more money than the Sho royal family after the late Taisho era. In the early Showa era, residents of Shuri, especially educational facilities, invited emigrants to contribute actively. Emigrants accepted the invitation and contributed money, school flags, books, and other supplies to schools and the Shuri city library. Thus, Okinawans alone could not raise enough money for the development of educational facilities. Emigrants contributed money in response to the invitation from Shuri residents. In conclusion, the development of the Education City in modern Shuri depended significantly on the contribution made by emigrants.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :1881-0829
Publisher :沖縄移民研究センター
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/30895
Citation :移民研究 = Immigration Studies no.10 p.23 -42
Appears in Collections:No.10 (2015/2)

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