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|Title ||:||スタインベック、スナイダー、カリフォルニア －場所の文学の系譜－|
|Title alternative ||:||Steinbeck, Snyder, California : A Tradition of Literature of Place|
|Authors ||:||山里, 勝己|
|Authors alternative ||:||Yamazato, Katsunori|
|Issue Date ||:||Mar-2004 |
|Abstract ||:||John Steinbeck and Gary Snyder write focusing on a specific place in California. Snyder writes about Northern California, and Steinbeck focuses on Central California, especially Monterey and Carmel. What we see in their works representing the specific places is their attempts to deepen their sense of place.
"Sense of place" is a term now frequently used by those who come under the rubric of "Nature Writing," and it refers to an accumulated natural/environmental knowledge concerning a place that enables the writer to conceive humanity in a new light. Thus, a sense of place encompasses a broad range of knowledge including history, climate, botany, geology, etc. In a sense, the writer who represents a sense of place in a work attempts to show that humans live in an inextricable ecological relationship with the natural environment.
As Richard Astro points out, Steinbeck's sense of place enabled him to reach "a metaphysical conclusion about the unity of all experience," and Steinbeck advises his reader "to look from the tide pool to the stars and then back to the tide pool again" to learn humanity's linkage with "the whole thing." Steinbeck's view of humanity arose from his deep sense of place, that is, his detailed biological, geographical knowledge of California.
Snyder read Steinbeck when he was young, and for him Steinbeck was a source of inspiration to remain a Western writer. Such poems as "Burning the Small Dead" and "Song of the Taste" clearly show the poet's detailed knowledge of California. In fact, the reader may see a clear parallel between Snyder and Steinbeck when the narrator's consciousness in "Burning the Small Dead" moves up from the burning branches to the stars-the pale and red fire in the distant space-and then back again to the "windy fire" on the ground. "Song of the Taste" depicts humanity's position in the food chain, which Steinbeck also implies repeatedly in The Log from the Sea of Cortez.
Steinbeck can be seen as a precursor of what I would like to call the Literature of Place, and Snyder is a contemporary poet who made this aspect of American literature manifest. John Muir and Mary Austin wrote with a deep knowledge of place in California, and thus Steinbeck and Snyder may be seen as outstanding successors of this literature.|
|Type Local ||:||紀要論文|
|Citation ||:||琉球大学欧米文化論集 ＝ Ryudai Review of Euro-American Studies no.48 p.93 -110|
|Appears in Collections||:||No.48 (2004/3)|
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