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The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus >
No.49 (2002/12) >

 
Title :琉球大学千原キャンパスにおける森と人々の暮らしに関するフィールド調査
Title alternative :Filed Survey on the livelihood of people and the forest n the Senbaru Campus of the University of the Ryukyus
Authors :仲間, 勇栄
仲地, 宗俊
菊地, 香
Authors alternative :Nakama, Yuei
Nakachi, Soushun
Kikuchi, Koh
Issue Date :1-Dec-2002
Abstract :The University of the Ryukyus, lead by the Faculty of Agriculture, relocated from its Shuri Campus to its new Senbaru Campus in March of 1979. Twenty-three years have past since the university relocated to its present location. The Senbaru Campus (104ha) straddles the three administration districts of Ginowan City, Nakagusku Village and Nishihara Town. prior to the relocation the area was mainly the community fores of Nishihara Town. The history of the community fores of Nishihara Town and its relationship with the local people are largely unknown. By knowing the history of the campus foest and in turn passing that knowkedge on to the students will have a great educational effect and help to increase the environmental awareness of the students. Based on historical documents and person-to-person interviews from the viewpoint of the livelihood of the people, the following will try to trace the history of the Senbaru Campus forest using the Tanabaru settlement (located on the south side of the Senbaru Campus) as an example. The present Senbaru Campus of the university of the Ryukyus was known as the Tanabaru Mountain Forest / Tanabaru Mountain District in the modern era of the Ryukyu Dynasty. The timers exclusively used for the royal capital, Shuri, were purveyed from the wooded mountain. There was also a tea plantation within the campus area that was under direct control of the monarchy. The plantation produced Japanese and Chinese Teas and served them to the nation (royal families and privileged classes). Together with the tea bushes, Curringhamia lanceolata, sued for ships masts, and Podocarpus macrophyllus, and oak used for construction were also grown. Most of the woode mountain area changed its ownership appellation to the community forest ofNishihara Village at the time following the land consolidation and national land grant from the 32 to 39 of Meiji (1899-1906) and the subsequent process of establishing towns and villages. Even after the transfer of ownership to Nishihara Village, the community forest was managed under the fores ranger system of the Ryukyu Dynastry. The main work of a forest ranger was to prevent the cutting down of trees without permission. Of the trees that grew in the community forest, a large majority were Pinus luchuensis (Ryukyu Pine tree). As was the common practice in the Ryukyu Dynasty, the people of the area freely entered the community forest to collect fallon wood (for firewood ) other than forbidden trees, fruit and berries, and to cut grass ot feed cattle, horses and goats. According to the person-to-person interviews that were conducted in the southern area of the campus, Tanahara settlement, the plants of the fores were used for food, medicine, timber, green manure, livestock feed, dyeing, divine rites, and recreatin etc. The wilderness around the community forest was used in the various villages as Kayamoh. The Imperata cylindrical taken from the Kayamoh was used as thatch on the roofs in the villages. Within Senbaru Campus, remnants (wells, graveyards etc.) of the people who took up temporary domicile in the fores, including the rangers can be seen. Close to teh Faculty of Agriculture there is sacred place called Shiijimata Utaki that people of Tanabaru settlement still visit twice a year to pray. In the process of transferring the Ryukyu Dynasty wooded mountain to the Nishihara Town public forest, various local people in the forest, the present Senbaru Campus, carved their livelihoods out. The campus with the vivid history of these people's mountain should be recognized once more and we must assume responsibility to reflect this awareness on future campus life for those learning at the highest academic institute in Okinawa.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/3621
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.49 p.55 -72
Appears in Collections:No.49 (2002/12)

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