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No.45 (1998/12) >

 
Title :宮古島の神行事と海浜環境の保全に関する研究
Title alternative :A Study about a Ceremony of a god prayer and Conservation of Beach Environment in Miyako Island
Authors :仲間, 勇栄
幸喜, 善福
仲田, 栄二
Authors alternative :Nakama, Yuei
Koki, Zenfuku
Nakada, Eiji
Issue Date :1-Dec-1998
Abstract :沖縄の海浜環境は, 自然的存在としての意味だけではなく, 人間の生活文化とのかかわりが深いところでもある。海浜は食料の供給地であり, 遊びの空間であり, また村落祭祀の重要な場でもある。とくに地域によっては, 自然の海岸域は, 神と人間とが交流する聖なる空間として, 大事に保全されてきた。自然の砂浜や珊瑚礁の岩, 海岸植生などに神が宿り, それを破壊した者には, 神の崇りが降りかかる。このような聖なる空間としての海浜の風景は, 海浜環境と島社会の伝統文化との歴史的交流の中で形作られてきたもので, その価値を環境資源や文化資源として, あらためてとらえ直すこともできよう。この海浜の価値資源が, 今日, 安易な護岸工事などで消失しつつある。海浜は陸と海との境界域で, そこは砂浜や珊瑚礁, 海岸植生などがまとまって, 多様な連続空間を形成している。長い自然史のゆらぎの中で形づくられ, 生態系の安定したこの生命領域を, コンクリートなどで安易に断絶してはいけない。海浜環境の原風景には, 価値資源として計り知れないものがある。そこにある自然や海浜文化の個性を蘇らせ, 島社会の健康と活力を取り戻すこと, そのためには海浜環境をどのように保全し活用していくべきか, このことが今, 問われている。[figure]
Most of the people visiting Okinawa for sightseeing feel charmed by the beauty of nature, such as the sandy beach, and the sea with coral reef, and the beach vegetation of the subtropical zone. These sea shore areas which charm tourists have been destroyed by shore protection works under public investment projects, thus the nature of the beautiful beach goes to ruin. In Okinawa's island world, the beach, as the boundary space that connects this world with the other world, is also with the meaning that is being mentally essential to the people of this island. The beach environment associated with the cultural life of the people of an island is very deep. What is the present situation and problem in this beach environment? Taking Miyako Island as an example is the subject of this paper. The beach environment of Okinawa is not accorded its natural existence, however, a relation with the cultural life of man is deep. Beaches supply place of food, space of play, and the place that is being essential for village religious service. In particular, in one area of a natural beach, a god and man have been kept in a good condition as the sacred space for cultural and religious interchange. It is believed that a god dwells with the natural sandy beach, the rock of coral reef, and the beach vegetation. Therefore, curse or punishment of the god falls on the person who destroys these. For example, in the Karimata village of Miyako Island, the residents are deeply tied to their natural environment of beach through the Palace of the Dragon King wish (god of the sea) or an act of god of insect cleaning (god prayer of harmful insect extermination). There is a stone god (a stone god of a man, a woman, and a child) at the beach of Ohgami Island, and if a stone of this god is broken, it is said that there is a curse of the god. A sacred space's beach scenery is formed in the beach environment with historically alternating current culture with traditional culture of the island world. The value of the environmental resources and cultural resources can be reviewed afresh. Today the value of the resources of this beach has disappeared by easy shore protection works. The beach is the boundary territory between the land and the sea; the sandy beach and coral reef, and the beach vegetation are gathered up there and form various continuation space. This sandy beach is formed by a process of long history of nature, and is a stable life territory of ecosystem. Such important place must not be broken off with concrete (protection works) easily. There is an immeasurable thing in the original scenery of beach environment as a valued resource. Let nature and personality of beach culture revive, and the health and vitality of the island world regained. How should it go by maintenance and practical use of the beach environment in the future? This question is asked now.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/3685
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.45 p.109 -126
Appears in Collections:No.45 (1998/12)

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