HOME    About this site    mypage    Japanese    library    university    Feedback

University of the Ryukyus Repository >
Faculty of Agriculture >
Bulletin >
The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus >
No.38 (1991/12) >

 
Title :島嶼の林業振興と森林組合の役割に関する研究(生物生産学科)
Title alternative :Studies on the Promotion of Forestry and the part of Forestry Cooperatives in the islands (Department of Bioproduction)
Authors :篠原, 武夫
Authors alternative :Shinohara, Takeo
Issue Date :4-Dec-1991
Abstract :沖縄の森林組合員の森林面積の9割以上は公有林であり,そのために森林組合は市町村主導型の組合となっている。(1)沖縄北部森林組合の主な事業は,公有林の森林造成事業と松くい虫防除事業であり,また生しいたけを中心とする共販組織も注目される。(2)国頭村森林組合はチップ工場や製材工場を有するため事業の主体は販売事業であり,公有林の森林造成事業も非常に重要な事業である。(3)八重山森林組合では公有林の森林造成事業が最も重要な事業であり,宮古地域の森林造成事業にも従事している。(4)沖縄県森林組合連合会の主な事業は沖縄本島中南部における松くい虫防除事業と沖縄本島の中南部,南大東島と久米島の公有林における森林造成事業であり,松くい虫防除事業は最近,相当に減少しており,また購買事業も重要な事業となっている。沖縄の森林組合は,設立されて日が浅いが,森林造成事業,森林資源の有効利用,林産物流通経路の整備,林業就業の場の提供(雇用の安定化)等に大きく寄与している。奄美大島,種子島,屋久島,五島列島,対馬,壱岐,隠岐,佐渡の森林組合も森林造成事業を主体に木材加工,素材生産,特用林産物生産面に大きく寄与している。島嶼の森林組合の林業振興に果たす役割は非常に大きく,林業振興の中核的担い手としての森林組合の役割は今後ますます高まるであろう。
The purpose of the study is to make clear how forestry cooperatives in the islands have played a part in the promotion of forestry. The main island for study is in Okinawa. There are three forestry cooperatives and one Prefectural Federation of Forestry Cooperative in Okinawa Prefecture. More than ninety percent of the area of forest operated by forestry cooperative members in Okinawa Prefecture are in the communal forest. So the administrative organs of cities, towns and villages take the initiative in the management of forestry cooperatives. 1) The main work of the Okinawa Hokubu Forestry Cooperative is the cultivation of forest including the planting and natural regeneration, etc., in the communal forest and Pine Sawer extermination. Also we have to pay attention to the Joint Sale System, mainly for fresh shiitake, which this cooperative had established. 2) As the Kunigami Forestry Cooperative had established woodchip mill and sawmill, its main work is on sale work. However, the cultivation work of forest in the communal forest is a very important work as well. 3) The most important work of the Yaeyama Forestry Cooperative is the cultivation work of forest in the communal forest. This cooperative have been engaged in the cultivation work of forest in the Miyako area. 4) The main work of the Okinawa Prefectural Federation of Forestry Cooperative is on pine sawer extermination in the central and the southern of the Okinawa-island and the cultivation of forest to the communal forest in the central and the southern part of the Okinawa-island, Minamidaito island and the kume island. But lately the work on pine sawer extermination has been reduced. Buying and selling is also a very important work. It is not very long since forestry cooperatives in Okinawa were founded, but they have greatly contributed towards the cultivation of forest, effective use of forest resoures, improvement of distribution channel of forest products and an offer of place for forestry work (stabilization of employment), etc.. Forestry Cooperatives in the Amamioshima, Tanega and Yaku islands which belong to Kagoshima Prefecture, Goto Retto, Tsushima and Iki to Nagasaki Prefecture, Oki to Shimane Prefecture and Sado to Nigata Prefecture have greatly contributed as well towards the cultivation of the forest which is the principal work and the production of log and minor forest products as secondary work. Forestry cooperatives in the islands have played a great part in the promotion of forestry, and as a very important supporter for the promotion of forestry they will rise more and more in the future.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/3833
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.38 p.61 -75
Appears in Collections:No.38 (1991/12)

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
KJ00000161663.pdf973KbAdobe PDFView/Open