HOME    About this site    mypage    Japanese    library    university    Feedback

University of the Ryukyus Repository >
Faculty of Engineering >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Engineering) >

 
Title :過疎地域における近所聞の認知関係を考慮した要援護者の避難支援方策の検討 : 沖縄県渡名喜村を対象として
Title alternative :SUPPORTING SYSTEMS FOR VULNERABLE PEOPLE CONSIDERING COGNITIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NEIGHBORHOODS IN UNDERCOGNITIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NEIGHBORHOODS IN UNDERPOPULATED REGION
Authors :中山, 貴喜
神谷, 大介
Authors alternative :Nakayama, Takanobu
Kamiya, Daisuke
Issue Date :Feb-2015
Abstract :過疎地域では,高齢化に伴う災害時要援護者の増加といった災害脆弱性が顕在化している.また要援護者の避難支援における個別計画では,平日昼間に支援可能者の多くが地域を離れることを想定していない等の課題があり,支援体制が整っているとはいえない.そこで本研究は過疎高齢島l興地域である沖縄県渡名喜村を対象とし,前述を考慮した要援護者支援に関する地域診断を行った.住民間の認知関係や道路閉塞の危険性を評価した結果,渡名喜村では地域のつながりを活用した徒歩での災害時要援護者支援が適当であると判断し,平日昼間の状況や認知関係,避難時間を考慮した支援者とのマッチング方法を提案・適用した.その結果,保健師との認知関係を活用した最適なマッチングを行うことですべての要援護者の支援が可能になることなどを示した.
ln a large-scale disaster, supporting systems for vulnerable people is important for the minimization of personal suffering. Everyday relationship leads to the refuge support at the time of disaster. On the other hand,su pporting systems for vulnerable people has problem. For example,it is not consider many supporters are not in weekday daytime. This paper diagnose about supporting systems for vulnerable people in Tonaki-village,Okinawa which is ad epopulated aging island region in consideration of them.ITn addition,it considers what kind of supporting systems is required,w hile maintaining al andscape and not considers the measure by an in仕astructure. This study estimate cognitive relationships between inhabitants and road blockade as local diagnosis.As a result,although the depopulated region generally has strong connection between the neighborhoods,it was shown that is not necessarily right. It proposes six methodology of matching of supporters and vulnerable people considering cognitive relationship between neighborhoods and unsupportable probability in weekday daytime and night-holiday. This is applied to Tonaki-village. And the difference in matching result of supporters and vulnerable people in two situations from the time index etc. was evaluated quantitatively. As a result,in Tonaki-village,all vulnerable people can evacuate ifthere was ac ognitive relation to public health nurse and supporters,and it matched in the optimal combination such as MinSum and MinMax.
URL :https://doi.org/10.2208/jscejsp.71.1
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :2185-6621
Publisher :公益社団法人土木学会
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/38733
Citation :土木学会論文集F6(安全問題) Vol.71 no.1 p.1 -12
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Engineering)

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Vol71no1p1.pdf21214KbAdobe PDFView/Open