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Title :Volatile aroma components and MS-based electronic nose profiles of dogfruit (Pithecellobium jiringa) and stink bean (Parkia speciosa)
Authors :Asikin, Yonathan
Shikanai, Takeshi
Wada, Koji
Issue Date :14-Nov-2017
Abstract :Dogfruit (Pithecellobium jiringa) and stink bean (Parkia speciosa) are two typical smelly legumes from Southeast Asia that are widely used in the cuisines of this region. Headspace/gas chromatography/flame ionization detection analysis and mass spectrometry (MS)-based electronic nose techniques were applied to monitor ripening changes in the volatile flavor profiles of dogfruit and stink bean. Compositional analysis showed that the ripening process greatly influenced the composition and content of the volatile aroma profiles of these two smelly food materials, particularly their alcohol, aldehyde, and sulfur components. The quantity of predominant hexanal in stink bean significantly declined (P < 0.05) during the ripening process, whereas the major volatile components of dogfruit changed from 3-methylbutanal and methanol in the unripe state to acetaldehyde and ethanol in the ripe bean. Moreover, the amount of the typical volatile flavor compound 1,2,4-trithiolane significantly increased (P < 0.05) in both ripened dogfruit and stink bean from 1.70 and 0.93%, to relative amounts of 19.97 and 13.66%, respectively. MS-based nose profiling gave further detailed differentiation of the volatile profiles of dogfruit and stink bean of various ripening stages through multivariate statistical analysis, and provided discriminant ion masses, such as m/z 41, 43, 58, 78, and 124, as valuable “digital fingerprint” dataset that can be used for fast flavor monitoring of smelly food resources.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jare.2017.11.003
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :2090-1232
Publisher :Elsevier B.V
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/42725
Citation :Journal of advanced research Vol.9 p.79 -85
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Agriculture)

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