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No.23 (1976/12) >

Title :甘蔗バガスの利用法 : (2) マッシュルーム栽培とその脂質の分析(農芸化学科)
Title alternative :Utilization of sugar cane bagasse, by-product of cane sugar industry : (2) Cultivation and lipid analysis of mushroom (Department of Agricultural Chemistry)
Authors :知念, 功
宮里, 博文
与儀, 真昌
亀川, 富知子
新垣, 光子
福渡, 七郎
Authors alternative :Chinen, Isao
Miyazato, Hirofumi
Yogi, Shinsho
Kamekawa, Fuchiko
Arakaki, Mituko
Fukuwatari, Hichiro
Issue Date :1-Dec-1976
Abstract :沖縄産甘蔗バガスを用いてマッシュルーム栽培用合成コンポストを作成し, それをクロロホルム殺菌, 蒸気殺菌を行った後, マッシュルームを栽培した。その結果, クロロホルム殺菌合成コンポストを用いた方が蒸気殺菌合成コンポストよりも収量が多かった。またその子実体の脂質の脂肪酸組成では, 殺菌法によっては差異は見られず, 両者共もC_<18 : 2>の値が最も高く67%であり, 次にC_<16 : 0>, C_<11 : 1>が高かった。成長段階別でも, 殺菌法によっては差異は見られなかった。ところがボタン段階ではC_<18 : 2>の値が高く67%であり, 次にC_<16 : 1>, C_<11 : 1>が高かったのに対し, フラット段階ではC_<18 : 2>の占める割合が低くなり, 43%を占め, 次にC_<11 : 1>, C_<16 : 0>が高かった。また子実体の各脂質の脂肪酸組成を調べた結果では, リン脂質では, 総脂質の場合とよく類似しC_<18 : 2>の値が最も高かった。ステロール, モノ・ジグリセリド分画, 遊離脂肪酸分画, トリグリセリド分画ではC_<16 : 1>, C_<13 : 1>, C_<11 : 1>等の値が高かった。また炭化水素分画ではC_<16 : 0>の値が特に高かった。
Mushroom was cultivated by using the synthetic compost, which fermented the mixtures of cane sugar baggasse, calcium cyanamide, urea, rice bran, and water and then sterilizted by steam or chloroform, and the fatty acid composition of its lipids was analyzed. The yield which was obtained by using the synthotic compost srerilized by chloroform was smaller than that by steam. In the fatty acid composition of total lipids of the mushroom fruit body there was little difference between the sterilizstion mothods of the synthetic compost. In the fatty acid composition of its total lipids in button step, C18 : 2 was main fatty acid, 67% of total fatty acid, C16 : 0.9%, and C11 : 1,about 7%, but in flat step C18 : 2 decreased to 43%. The fatty acid composition of its phospholipids was similar with that or its toftal lipids, C18 : 2 was main fatty acid but in its sterols, mono-, diglycerides and free fatty acids fraction main fatty acids were consisted of C16 : 1,C13 : 1,and C11 : 1,and in its hydrocarbon fraetion C16 : 0 was main fatty acid.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/4298
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.23 p.185 -193
Appears in Collections:No.23 (1976/12)

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