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No.17 (1970/12) >

Title :沖縄における学童の栄養調査 VII : 伊江島西小学校の学童について(家政学科)
Title alternative :Nutritional survey of school children in Okinawa VII : Nishi Elementary School (Ie-jima) (Department of Home Economics)
Authors :尚, 弘子
稲福, 盛輝
外間, ゆき
新垣, 博子
Authors alternative :Sho, Hiroko
Inafuku, Seiki
Hokama, Yuki
Arakaki, Hiroko
Issue Date :1-Dec-1970
Abstract :1.1968年8月23日に北部連合区, 伊江教育区立の西小学校において満10才から11才までの学童男子66名, 女子62名の合計128名について食餌調査と身体症候調査を行った。2.食餌調査の結果では, 前報と同様総摂取食品量がめやす量に対し男子39%, 女子44%と非常に低く, そのため女子の脂肪を除く全栄養素とも所要量に対する摂取率が低かった。食品群別摂取状況でも充分摂取された食品群は一つもなく, 特にいも類, 砂糖, 乳, 緑黄色野菜, 果物の摂取率は男女とも非常に低く, 2∿22%で, 又女子の魚肉類も34%となっていった。栄養比率では, 動蛋比が男子37%, 女子36%でかなり低く, 蛋白価は男子82,女子80で, 第1制限アミノ酸は男女とも含硫アミノ酸総計であった。栄養素比率では, 熱量, 蛋白質およびビタミンB_1の第1給源が穀類で, カルシウム, 鉄, ビタミンB_2の第1給源が動物性食品となっていた。3.身体計測並びに身体症候調査の結果, 体位においては男女とも全琉平均よりすぐれていた。しかし身体症候発現率の有症者数は, 調査人員の約1/3である30.5%を占め, 女子は男子より高率を示していた。項目別では, 貧血, 口角炎等が高率で浮腫, 毛孔性角化症は低率を示していた。
1. The nutritional survey was conducted by the joint work of the two groups, one medically-oriented and one dietary-oriented research group. The survey was conducted on the 23rd of August, 1968 at Nishi Elementary School in Ie island. 2. In regard to dietary survey, the total intakes of foods were very low showing 39% of the requirements for boys and 44% for girls as indicatited in previous reports. Therefore, all nutrients intakes except Fat of girls were very low when compared with the requirements. The intake percent of all food groups were low and specially following food groups were low showing 2-22% : Potatoes, Sugar, Milk, Green and yellow vegetables and Fruits for both boys and girls. Fish and Meats for girls were also low showing 34%. The percentage of animal protein to the total protein intakes was also low showing 37% for boys and 36% for girls. The protein scores were 82 for boys and 80 for girls, and the first limiting amino acid was the totals of sulfur containing amino acid. The first food sources of Calories, Protein, and Vitamin B_1 were Cereals and those of Calcium, Iron and Vitamin B_2 were Animal foods. 3. In regard to physical measurements, both boys and girls of Nishi Elementary School were found to be superior to the whole Ryukyus average in hight and weight. However. the percentage of the diseased. was about one-third of the examined pupils showing 30.5% and the percentage of the diseased was high among girls than boys. The percentage of Anemia and Angular stomatitis was found to be higher than Edema and Follicullar keratoses.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/4530
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.17 p.481 -492
Appears in Collections:No.17 (1970/12)

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