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No.16 (1969/10) >

Title :完全給食実施前後における栄養摂取状況の比較(沖縄における学童の栄養調査 V)(家政学科)
Title alternative :Comparison of the nutritional intakes under the pre- and post-program of the complete supply of school lunch (Nutritional survey of school children in Okinawa V) (Department of Home Economics)
Authors :新垣, 博子
外間, ゆき
尚, 弘子
Authors alternative :Arakaki, Hiroko
Hokama, Yuki
Sho, Hiroko
Issue Date :1-Oct-1969
Abstract :1.完全給食実施前については1962年11月, 1965年3月, 1965年11月に9才から11才までの学童841名(男子392名, 女子459名)について, 実施後は1966年12月に同じく9才から11才までの学童256名(男133名, 女子123名)について食餌調査を行った。2.栄養素別摂取状況は完全給食実施後は熱量および脂質を除いては男女共殆んど増加している。熱量では男子4%減, 女子1%減と僅かに減少しているが脂質では女子が5%減, 動物性蛋白質で女子が8%減となっている。カルシウム, ビタミンは実施後目立って増加し, カルシウムは男子40%, 女子31%, ビタミンAは男子71%, 女子64%と著しく増加している。ビタミンB_2が男子28%, 女子33%, ビタミンCも男子20%, 女子23%の増加を示している。3.食品群別摂取状況は完全給食実施後は総摂取量は男女ともかなり増加し男子9%, 女子17%の増加を示している。食品群別では男女共乳類, 豆類, 果物, 嗜好食品及び嗜好飲料の摂取が増加し, 殻類, 芋, 砂糖, 動物性食品, 野菜が減少している。卵, 緑黄野菜の摂取が目立って減少している。女子は油脂も減少している。4.体位において1962年から1966年までの5ケ年間の推移及びのび率をみたが身長, 体重は各年令とも年々順調なのびをみせて那覇地区は全琉平均に比べると何れも優れているが本土に比べると劣っている。身長ののび率は本土よりよい。体重の増加は全琉, 本土と共に身長ののびを上廻っているがのび率は本土, 全琉と余り変らない。
1. Two nutritional surveys of school pupils were conducted at three elementary schools in Shuri, Naha City. The first survey was done during the periods of December, 1962 to December, 1965 before the complete school lunch program was started. The subjects were 841 pupils, 392 boys and 459 girls, ranging in age from 9 to 11 years. The second survey was conducted on the 19th of December, 1966 after the complete school lunch program was started, to 256 subjects, 133 boys and 123 girls. 2. In regard to nutritional intakes, the percentages of calcium and vitamin intakes were specially high at the second survey due to the complete school lunch program. The percentages were increased as follows : calcium intake; 40% for boys and 30% for girls, vitamin A intake; 71% for boys and 64% for girls, vitamin B_2 intake; 28% for boys and 33% for girls, and vitamin C intake; 20% for boys and 23% for girls. 3. The total food intakes were also high at the second survey and the percentages were raised about 9% for boys and 17% for girls. Among food groups, the intakes of Milk, Pulses, Fruits, Confectioneries and Soft drinks were high, and the intakes of Cereals, Potatos, Sugars, Animal foods and Vegetables were low at the second survey. 4. In regard to physical measurements, average hight and weight of examined boys and girls were superior to the whole-Ryukyus average, but they were inferior when compared with whole-Japan average. The percentage of hight-growth of examined pupils was higher than that of Japan but the weight-growth was about the same.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/4559
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.16 p.313 -323
Appears in Collections:No.16 (1969/10)

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