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No.15 (1968/10) >

Title :沖縄における学童の栄養調査 IV : 学校給食の影響について(家政学科)
Title alternative :Nutritional survey of school children in Okinawa IV : Influence of school lunch program (Department of Home Economics)
Authors :尚, 弘子
新垣, 博子
外間, ゆき
稲福, 盛輝
Authors alternative :Sho, Hiroko
Arakaki, Hiroko
Hokama, Yuki
Inafuku, Seiki
Issue Date :1-Oct-1968
Abstract :1.1966年12月19日に完全給食実施後の那覇教育区立城西, 城南, 城北小学校の3校で満9才から11才までの4年, 5年生の学童256名(男133名, 女123名)について食餌調査と身体症候調査を併用した栄養調査を行った。2.食餌調査の結果からは, 先に報告した3報と同様, 総摂取食品量が非常に少ないため, 熱量素, 蛋白質等が所要量に較べ摂取%が低くなっていたが, 一方学校給食によるビタミンA, B_1,B_2,C等の強化, ミルクの供給, そして調査日の献立中の豆腐チャンプルーの食品の組合せへの考慮等によりミネラル及びビタミン類の摂取率が高かった。3.栄養比率は比較的よい結果が得られたが, 今後の学童の発育および体位の向上を考慮に入れ, 動蛋比50%, 脂質カロリー20%を目標とした場合, やはり改善の必要がある。4.平均蛋白価は城西, 城南, 城北小学校ともそれぞれ74,72,76で第1制限アミノ酸は含硫アミノ酸となっている。5.学校給食摂取状況では, 3校中, 城西小学校の摂取%が低く, 特にパンの場合は43∿45%となっている。3校平均で, パンの摂取%が男子70%女子66%, 豆腐チャンプルーが男子63%女子65%, ミルクが男女とも75%となっている。学童の発育にとって最も大切な動物性蛋白質や, ミネラル, ビタミン類が学童の1日総摂取栄養量に対し, 学校給食から42∿66%も供給されているという結果から, 家庭では児童の食事を考慮すると同時に, 今後もっと学校給食への理解を深め, その目的と特徴を充分に生かすよう協力すべきだと思う。一方学校でも学童の学校給食摂取%がもっと高くなるよう工夫と指導が必要であろう。6.体位においては身長では男女及び各年令共, 城西小学校が最もすぐれ, 体重では一部の年令を除いては, 城西小学校が最もよい。又胸囲では男子は城南小学校がすぐれているが女子では各年令によって夫々差異がある。有症者の発現率は城西小学校が最も少く次いで城南, 城北の順となっている。個々の症候別では毛孔性角化症が3校とも顕著な高率を示しているが, その他の症候群の発現率は学校によって差異があるが, 貧血, 口角炎は僅少を示していた。性別では女子は城西小学校に多く発現し, 男子は城南, 城北小学校に発現率が高い傾向がみられた。
1. The nutritional survey was conducted by the joint work of two groups, one medically-oriented and one dietary-oriented research group. The survey was conducted on the 19th of December, 1966 at three elementary schools, namely Josei, Jonan and Johoku elementary schools, at the same time. The subjects were 256 pupils, 133 boys and 123 girls, ranging in age from 9 to 11 years. 2. In regard to dietary survey the total Calories and protein intakes were very low when compared with the nutritional requirements, because the amount of total food intakes were very low as reported in previous three surveys. However, the enrichment of vitamin A, B_1,B_2,and C in school lunch, and the consideration on the combination of foods, including milk, pulses and vegetables in school lunch menu, resulted in the high intake percent of vitamins and minerals. 3. The percentages of Calories from nutrients were relatively well balanced. However when we consider the physical growth and development of the school pupils, the percentage of animal protein to the total protein intake should be 50% or more. The desired percentage of the fat-Calories is considered as 20-25%. Therefore, more intakes of animal protein and fats should be encouraged. 4. The mean protein scores of the three elementary schools, Josei, Jonan, and Johoku, were 74,72 and 76,respectively. The first limiting amino acid was sulfur-containing amino acid through the three schools. 5. The percentages of the actual intakes from school lunch are shown on table 9. The bread intake percent of Josei Elementary School is very low, ranging from 43-45% of the given amount.
The average intake percent of school lunch of the three elementary schools were as follows : 1) The intake percent for male and female was 70% and 66%, respectively. 2) The intake percent of tofu-chanpuru for male and female was 63% and 65%, respectively. 3) The intake percent of milk was 75% regardless of sex. The most important nutrients for the growth of school pupils are animal protein, minerals and vitamins, however the intake percent of school lunch on the surveyed day was 42-66% of the total day's nutritional intakes. Therefore, carefull attention of parents at home should be paied as well to the everyday food intakes of their children. It should be also emphasized that the mothers cooperate to promote deeper understanding of the objectives of the school lunch program. At the same time, each elementary school should make efforts to raise the intake percent of school lunch through education and guidance. 6. In regard to physical measurements, Josei Elementary School was found to be superior to the other two schools in heights and weights with some exceptions as shown on table 12. The chest measurement of male pupils of Jonan Elementary School was the largest, but that of female varied by age and sex at each elementary school. Summarizing the physical condition, the percentage of the diseased was the lowest at Josei Elementary School, and Jonan and Johoku elementary schools in increasing order. In regard to clinical signs, Follicular keratosis afflicts the largest percent age of nutritionally deficient pupils at the three elementary schools, and other symptoms are varied among the schools regardless of sex and age. Anemia and Angular scars were found to be very scarce. The percentage of the diseased was higher among girls than boys at Josei Elementary School in contrast with Jonan and Johoku Elementary schools, where boys were higher than girls.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/4569
Citation :琉球大学農学部学術報告 = The Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture. University of the Ryukyus no.15 p.214 -232
Appears in Collections:No.15 (1968/10)

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