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Title :Predictive factors of uterine movement during definitive radiotherapy for cervical cancer
Authors :Maemoto, Hitoshi
Toita, Takafumi
Ariga, Takuro
Heianna, Joichi
Yamashiro, Tsuneo
Murayama, Sadayuki
Issue Date :May-2017
Abstract :To determine the predictive factors affecting uterine movement during radiotherapy (RT), we quantified interfraction uterine movement using computed tomography (CT) and cone-beam CT (CBCT). A total of 38 patients who underwent definitive RT for cervical cancer were retrospectively analyzed. We compared pre-RT planning CT (n = 38) and intratreatment CBCT (n = 315), measuring cervical and corporal movement in each direction. Correlations between uterine movement and volume changes of the bladder and rectum on all CBCT scans were analyzed using Spearman rank correlation analysis. Relationships between the mean uterine movement and patient factors were analyzed using the Mann–Whitney test. The mean corpus movement was: superior margin (cranio–caudal direction), 7.6 ± 5.9 mm; anterior margin (anteroposterior direction), 8.3 ± 6.3 mm; left margin (lateral direction), 3.3 ± 2.9 mm; and right margin (lateral direction), 3.0 ± 2.3 mm. Generally, the mean values for cervical movement were smaller than those for the corpus. There was a significant, weak correlation between changes in bladder volume and the movement of the superior margin of the corpus (ρ = 0.364, P < 0.001). There was a significant difference in movement of the superior margin of the corpus between the subgroups with and without a history of previous pelvic surgery (P = 0.007). In conclusion, change in bladder volume and a history of previous surgery were significantly related to intrafractional corpus movement; however, our observations suggest that the accurate prediction of uterine movement remains challenging.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1093/jrr/rrw101
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :0449-3060
Publisher :Oxford University Press
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/45948
Citation :Journal of Radiation Research Vol.58 no.3 p.397 -404
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)

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