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Title :Intranasal sensitization with Blomia Tropicalis antigens induces allergic responses in mice characterized by elevated antigen-specific and non-specific serum ige and peripheral blood eosinophil counts
Authors :Takeda, Fumiko
Arakawa, Takeshi
Toma, Hiromu
Ishii, Akiro
Sato, Yoshiya
Issue Date :2004
Abstract :In order to evaluate the potential allergenicity of Blomia tropicalis (Bt) antigen, IgE production of both specific and non-specific for Bt antigen was monitored in BALB/c mice after exposure to the antigen by nasal route. It was evidenced that B. tropicalis contains a functional allergen in its components. The allergenic components, however, when administered intranasally without any adjuvant, did not function to induce IgE response within a short period. On the other hand, intranasal inoculation of Bt antigens augmented serum IgE responses in mice pretreated by a subcutaneous priming injection of the same antigens. Inoculation of Bt antigen without subcutaneous priming injections induced IgE antibody production only when the antigen was continuously administered for a long period of over 24 weeks. Even when the priming injection was absent, the Bt antigen inoculated with cholera toxin (CT) as a mucosal adjuvant also significantly augmented the Bt antigen-specific IgE responses depending on the dose of CT co-administered. The present study also demonstrated that Bt antigen/CT-inoculated mice showed increased non-specific serum IgE level and peripheral blood eosinophil rates without noticeable elevations of the total leukocyte counts. The immunoblot analysis demonstrated 5 main antigenic components reactive to IgE antibodies induced. These components at about 44-64 kDa position were considered to be an important candidate antigen for diagnosis of the mite-related allergy.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652004000100001
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :0036-4665
Publisher :Scientific Electronic Library Online
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46018
Citation :Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo Vol.46 no.1 p.1 -8
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)

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