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|Title ||:||An Epidemiological Analysis of Summer Influenza Epidemics in Okinawa|
|Authors ||:||Sunagawa, Satoko|
Parrott, Gretchen L.
|Issue Date ||:||15-Dec-2016 |
|Abstract ||:||Objective This study evaluates the difference between winter influenza and summer influenza in Okinawa.
Methods From January 2007 to June 2014, weekly rapid antigen test (RAT) results performed in four acute care hospitals were collected for the surveillance of regional influenza prevalence in the Naha region of the Okinawa Islands.
Results An antigenic data analysis revealed that multiple H1N1 and H3N2 viruses consistently co-circulate in Okinawa, creating synchronized seasonal patterns and a high genetic diversity of influenza A. Additionally, influenza B viruses play a significant role in summer epidemics, almost every year. To further understand influenza epidemics during the summer in Okinawa, we evaluated the full genome sequences of some representative human influenza A and influenza B viruses isolated in Okinawa. Phylogenetic data analysis also revealed that multiple H1N1 and H3N2 viruses consistently co-circulate in Okinawa.
Conclusion This surveillance revealed a distinct epidemic pattern of seasonal and pandemic influenza in this subtropical region.|
|Type Local ||:||雑誌掲載論文|
|Publisher ||:||The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine|
|Citation ||:||Internal Medicine Vol.55 no.24 p.3579 -3584|
|Appears in Collections||:||Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)|
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