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Title :K1 gene transformation activities in AIDS-related and classic type Kaposi’s sarcoma : Correlation with clinical presentation
Authors :Uehara, Karina
Authors alternative :上原, 佳里奈
Issue Date :23-Apr-2020
Abstract :Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) causes both AIDS-related Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) and classic KS, but their clinical presentations are different, and respective mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The KSHV K1 gene is reportedly involved in tumorigenesis through the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (ITAM). Since we found the sequence variations in the K1 gene of KSHV isolated from AIDS-related KS and classic KS, we hypothesized that the transformation activity of the K1 gene contributes to the different clinical presentations. To evaluate our hypothesis, we compared the transformation activities of the K1 gene between AIDS-related KS and classic KS. We also analyzed ITAM activities and the downstream AKT and NF-κB. We found that the transformation activity of AIDS-related K1 was greater than that of classic K1, and that AIDS-related K1 induced higher ITAM activity than classic K1, causing more potent Akt and NF-κB activities. K1 downregulation by siRNA in AIDS-related K1 expressing cells induced a loss of transformation properties and decreased both Akt and NF-κB activities, suggesting a correlation between the transformation activity of K1 and ITAM signaling. Our study indicates that the increased transformation activity of AIDS-related K1 is associated with its clinical aggressiveness, whereas the weak transformation activity of classic type K1 is associated with a mild clinical presentation and spontaneous regression. The mechanism of spontaneous regression of classic KS may provide new therapeutic strategy to cancer.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42763-0
Type Local :学位論文
ISSN :2045-2322
Publisher :University of the Ryukyus
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46707
Grant id :18001医研第505号
Date of granted :2020-03-24
Degree name :博士(医学)
Grantor :琉球大学
Citation :scientific reports Vol.9 no.6416
Appears in Collections:Doctoral Dissertation (Graduate School of Medicine)

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