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No.66 (2019/12) >

Title :琉大千原キャンパスの歴史と人々の暮らし
Title alternative :The History of the University of the Ryukyus Campus and People’s Living
Authors :仲間, 勇栄
Authors alternative :Nakama, Yuei
Issue Date :31-Dec-2019
Abstract :The campus of the University of the Ryukyus is approximately 1.26 million square meters at present. It spans three administrative districts: Nishihara Town, Nakagusuku Village, and Ginowan City. Before relocation, the area was a forest mainly owned by Nishihara Town and Nakagusuku Village. The Nishihara forest was called “Tanabaruyama” during the Ryukyu Kingdom period, and it was a “Somayama” where tea gardens and trees planted exclusively for the Kingdom were cared by the Imperial Palace of Shuri. “Somayama” means the mountain that provided the kingdom with wood. Since the Senbaru campus stratum contained old formations such as old Yanbaru-type Nago and Kayo strata, plants like Itajii (Castanopsis sieboldii), Okinawa Urajirogashi (Quercus miyagii), etc. found in acidic soils of Yambaru were used to be growing. However, due to topographical changes, the Itajii trees have now disappeared and only a few Okinawa Urajirogashi can be seen around Senbaru Pond. In this Senbaru district, the mountain managers began to live during the period of the Ryukyu Kingdom, and many migrants from Shuri have settled in since Meiji era. These settlers used to live along the river in Senbaru, making use of the blessings bestowed by the rivers and mountains until around the late 1960s before the University of the Ryukyus moved. They lived mainly by growing sugarcane. Even now, the Ryukyu Kingdom’s tea garden, wells, sacred places, tombs, ruins, and the many traces of life the people who settled there in later years are still left behind in this Senbaru campus. Now, few people know the historical sites still there. I believe that restoring the history and culture of our roots and conveying these to students will be a place for rediscovering living science and also a fundamental part of university education.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :0370-4246
Publisher :琉球大学農学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/46989
Appears in Collections:No.66 (2019/12)

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