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Title :Heel bone strength is related to lifestyle factors in Okinawan men with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Authors :Gushiken, Michiko
Komiya, Ichiro
Ueda, Shinichiro
Kobayashi, Jun
Issue Date :Mar-2015
Abstract :Aims/Introduction:Although male diabetic patients have an increased risk of fracture, there is little information about this in the literature. The association between heel bone stiffness and the lifestyle of male patients with diabetes was evaluated. Materials and Methods:The study included 108 participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and 168 age‐adjusted, healthy male volunteers. None of the participants had a history of osteoporosis or other severe diseases. Heel bone stiffness was examined by quantitative ultrasound, and each participant completed a health interview survey questionnaire. Bone stiffness was taken as an indicator of bone strength. Stepwise regression analysis was used to investigate associations between bone stiffness and lifestyle‐related factors, such as sunlight exposure, intake of milk or small fish, regular exercise, cigarette smoking, consumption of alcohol, and number of remaining teeth. Results:Bone stiffness showed a significant negative association with cigarette smoking [standardized coefficient (SC) = −0.297, F‐value (F) = 10.059] and age (SC = −0.207, F = 7.565) in diabetic patients. Bone stiffness showed a significant negative association with age (SC = −0.371, F = 12.076) and height (SC = −0.193, F = 7.898), as well as a significant positive association with sunlight exposure (SC = 0.182, F = 9.589) and intake of small fish (SC = 0.170, F = 7.393) in controls. Conclusions:These findings suggest that cigarette smoking and age are negatively associated with bone stiffness in Okinawan male patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1111/jdi.12285
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :2040-1116
2040-1124
Publisher :Wiley
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47024
Citation :Journal of Diabetes Investigation Vol.6 no.2 p.150 -157
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)

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