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No.97 (2020/9) >

Title :幼児の偏食が及ぼす心理的影響の検討 : 偏食改善の介入研究を通して
Title alternative :Study of psychological effect of unbalanced diet of infants : Through interventional study for improving unbalanced diet
Authors :笹澤, 吉明
平良, 柚果
森本, 一真
新城, 冬羽
三田, 沙織
増澤, 拓也
姜, 東植
小林, 稔
Authors alternative :Sasazawa, Yosiaki
Taira, Yuka
Morimoto, Kazuma
Shinjo, Towa
Mita, Saori
Masuzawa, Takuya
Kang, Dongshik
Kobayashi, Minoru
Issue Date :Sep-2020
Abstract :偏食の改善が幼児の心理面の発達に影響を及ぼすかを明らかにするため、沖縄県の保育園2園の5 歳児とその保護者38 組(介入群26 組、対照群12 組)を対象に偏食改善の介入研究を行った。園児への食育の介入は、約1 か月間に亘り、読み聞かせ、食材体験、調理実習の3 回を行った。保護者には偏食改善に向けたお便りを児童に介入後配布した。介入前後に偏食、食習慣、心理的側面、健康状態などの項目からなる質問紙調査を保護者に2 回実施した。事前調査の横断的解析結果は、偏食と心理的変数には関連がみられず、保護者が食事に気を使うほど児童の情緒が安定し、不安や抑うつが少なく、攻撃性が低いことが明らかとなった。事前事後の縦断的解析結果は、食育の介入による心理面の影響はみられず、ファストフードを摂らないようにするという食行動の改善が有意にみられた。
In order to clarify whether the improvement of unbalanced diet affects the psychological development of infants, the authors conducted an intervention study on the improvement of unbalanced diets among 5-year-old children and their parents (38 pairs in the intervention group, 12 pairs in the control group) at two nursery schools in Okinawa Prefecture. There are three dletary education interventions for children: reading a story, experiencing the ingredients, and cooking. Parents were given a letter for improve children’s diet, after the intervention. Before and after the intervention, parents participated two questionnaire surveys, including items such as unbalanced diet, eating habits, psychological aspects, and health status. The results of the cross-sectional analysis of the first wave survey showed that there was no association between unbalanced diet and psychological variables for infants, and that the more parents care about children’s diet, the more stable their emotions are, the less anxiety and depression they have, and the less aggressive they are. As a result of the longitudinal analysis before and after the study, there was no psychological effect due to the intervention of dietary education, and there was a significant improvement in eating behavior as not eating fast food.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :1345-3319
Publisher :琉球大学教育学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47092
Citation :琉球大学教育学部紀要=Bulletin of Faculty of Education University of the Ryukyus no.97 p.279 -289
Appears in Collections:No.97 (2020/9)

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