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Title :Inflammation as a Risk of Developing Chronic Kidney Disease in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Authors :Kochi, Masako
Kohagura, Kentaro
Shiohira, Yoshiki
Iseki, Kunitoshi
Ohya, Yusuke
Issue Date :18-Aug-2016
Abstract :Objective:The relationship between chronic inflammation and the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) remained not-clear in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aims to examine the relationship between persistently high C-reactive protein (CRP), a marker of inflammation, and the incidence of CKD in RA. Methods:We retrospectively examined the relationship between the levels of CRP and incidence of CKD in 345 RA patients. The outcome of interest was incidence of CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 and/or positive dipstick testing for proteinuria for ≥3 months. We defined high CRP, as >3.0 mg/L. On the basis of three measurements of CRP for 6-months period, patients were divided into three groups: group 1, including patients with no high CRP values; group 2, patients with transient high CRP values (once or twice) and group 3, patients with persistently high CRP values. Results:During a median follow-up period of 89 months, 14% of all patients developed CKD. The cumulative incidence of CKD was 7% in group 1, 14% in group 2 and 22% in group 3 (P = 0.008, log-rank test). In a multivariate analysis, including classical risk factors for CKD, persistently high CRP was an independent predictor of the incidence of CKD (hazard ratio, 3.00; 95% confidence interval, 1.23–8.53; P = 0.01). Conclusions:Persistently high CRP was a significant risk factor for the incidence of CKD. Results suggest that persistent inflammation is a marker for the high risk of CKD in RA.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0160225
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :1932-6203
Publisher :Public Library of Science
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47249
Citation :PLos ONE Vol.11 no.8
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)

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