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Title :The human papillomavirus E6 protein targets apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) for degradation
Authors :Shimada, Masaru
Yamashita, Akio
Saito, Manami
Ichino, Motohide
Kinjo, Takao
Mizuki, Nobuhisa
Klinman, Dennis M.
Okuda, Kenji
Issue Date :26-Aug-2020
Abstract :Oncoprotein E6 of high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) plays a critical role in inducing cell immortalization and malignancy. E6 downregulates caspase-dependent pathway through the degradation of p53. However, the effect of HPV E6 on other pathways is still under investigation. In the present study, we found that HPV E6 directly binds to all three forms (precursor, mature, and apoptotic) of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) and co-localizes with apoptotic AIF. This binding induced MG132-sensitive reduction of AIF expression in the presence of E6 derived from HPV16 (16E6), a cancer-causing type of HPV. Conversely, E6 derived from a non-cancer-causing type of HPV, HPV6 (6E6), did not reduce the levels of AIF despite its interaction with AIF. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that 16E6, but not 6E6, suppressed apoptotic AIF-induced chromatin degradation (an indicator of caspase-independent apoptosis) and staurosporine (STS, a protein kinase inhibitor)-induced apoptosis. AIF knockdown reduced STS-induced apoptosis in both of 16E6-expressing and 6E6-expressing cells; however, the reduction in 16E6-expressing cells was lower than that in 6E6-expressing cells. These findings indicate that 16E6, but not 6E6, blocks AIF-mediated apoptosis, and that AIF may represent a novel therapeutic target for HPV-induced cervical cancer.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71134-3
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :2045-2322
Publisher :Springer Nature
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47286
Citation :Scientific Reports Vol.10
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)

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