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Title :Factors Leading to Improved Gait Function in Patients with Subacute or Chronic Central Nervous System Impairments Who Receive Functional Training with the Robot Suit Hybrid Assistive Limb
Authors :Nishimua, Masahiko
Kobayashi, Shigetaka
Kinjo, Yuki
Hokama, Yohei
Sugawara, Kenichi
Tsuchida, Yukio
Tominaga, Daisuke
Ishiuchi, Shogo
Issue Date :2018
Abstract :The factors that lead to the improvement of gait function in patients with diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) who use a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) are not yet fully understood. The purpose of the present study was to analyze these factors to determine the prognosis of the patients’ gait function. Patients whose CNS disease was within 180 days since onset were designated as the subacute-phase patients, and patients whose disease onset had occurred more than 180 days previously were designated as chronic-phase patients. Fifteen subacute-phase patients and 15 chronic-phase patients were given HAL training. The study analyzed how post-training walking independence in these patients was affected by the following factors: age, disease, lesion area, lower limb function, balance, period until the start of training, number of training sessions, additional rehabilitation, higher-order cognitive dysfunction, HAL model, and the use of a non-weight-bearing walking-aid. In subacute-phase patients, walking independence was related to lower limb function (r_s = 0.35). In chronic-phase patients, there was a statistically significant correlation between post-training walking independence and balance (r_s = 0.78). In addition, in patients with a severe motor dysfunction that was accompanied by inattention and global cognitive dysfunction, little improvement occurred, even with double-leg model training, because they had difficulty wearing the device. The results demonstrated that the factors that improved walking independence post HAL training differed between patients with subacute- and chronic-stage CNS diseases. The findings may serve as valuable information for future HAL training of patients with CNS diseases.
URL :https://doi.org/10.2176/nmc.oa.2017-0082
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :1349-8029
Publisher :The Japan Neurosurgical Society
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47629
Citation :Neurologia medico-chirurgica Vol.58 no.1 p.39 -48
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Medicine)

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