HOME    About this site    mypage    Japanese    library    university    Feedback

University of the Ryukyus Repository >
Faculty of Global and Regional Studies >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Global and Regional Studies)  >

 
Title :Parental occupations, educational levels, and income and prevalence of dental caries in 3-year-old Japanese children
Authors :Kato, Hiromasa
Tanaka, Keiko
Shimizu, Ken
Nagata, Chisato
Furukawa, Shinya
Arakawa, Masashi
Miyake, Yoshihiro
Issue Date :13-Dec-2017
Abstract :Background: Most studies have investigated the association between parental socioeconomic factors and dental caries in children based on educational and income levels; studies focusing on parental occupation, however, have been relatively limited. This cross-sectional study examined the associations between parental occupations and levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children aged 3 years. Methods: Study subjects were 6315 children. Oral examination results were obtained from the parents or guardians, who transcribed the information recorded by medical staff at a public health center from their maternal and child health handbooks to our self-administered questionnaire. Children were classified as having dental caries if one or more primary teeth had decayed or had been filled. Adjustment was made for sex, age, region of residence, breastfeeding duration, between-meal snack frequency, toothbrushing frequency, use of fluoride, regular dental check-ups, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and living with at least one household smoker. Results: The prevalence of dental caries was 14.7%. Compared with having an unemployed father, having a father employed in professional and engineering, clerical, sales, security, or manufacturing process was significantly associated with a lower prevalence of dental caries. Compared with having an unemployed mother, having a mother employed in professional and engineering or service was significantly inversely associated with the prevalence of dental caries. Significant inverse associations were observed between parental levels of education and household income and the prevalence of dental caries. Conclusions: The findings of our study suggest that parental occupation affects the prevalence of dental caries in children. We confirm that higher levels of parental education and household income decreased the prevalence of dental caries.
URL :https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-017-0688-6
Type Local :雑誌掲載論文
ISSN :1342-078X
1347-4715
Publisher :BioMed Central
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/47806
Citation :Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine Vol.22
Appears in Collections:Peer-reviewed Journal Articles (Faculty of Global and Regional Studies)

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
s12199-017-0688-6.pdf422KbAdobe PDFView/Open