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No.99 (2021/9) >

Title :第二尚氏王統の系図・神主配置と尚寧王 : 昭穆観念との関連性
Title alternative :The Treatment of King ShoNei in the Genealogical Table and the Arrangement of His Spiritual Tablet Based on the ZhaoMu Order in the Second Sho Dynasty
Authors :前村, 佳幸
Authors alternative :Maemura, Yoshiyuki
Issue Date :1-Sep-2021
Abstract : Under the reign of King ShoNei (c.1589-1620), there were two grave problems in Ryukyu (present Okinawa). The first problem was that Satsuma’s troops conquered Ryukyu in 1609. The second problem was that King ShoNei had no biological child to be his successor. Regarding the first problem, the Ming Dynasty (government) strongly resented the conquest of Ryukyu by Satsuma’s troops and the Shimazu family’s forcible escort of King ShoNei and his subjects to the second Shogun and Ieyasu, the founder of the Tokugawa shogunate. The second problem was solved when King ShoNei decided to adopt the first son of ShoHou, who was a member of the collateral line of the royal family, as his successor. The Shimazu family, the conqueror, approved this decision for the first time. The Shimazu family imposed King ShoNei’s duty and ordered him to go home when his duty was completed.  The Ming government strictly restricted Ryukyu’s conventional tribute and official trade. This restriction was disadvantageous to the Satsuma Domain because it attempted to make profits from trade with the Ming government through Ryukyu. Moreover, King ShoNei was reluctant to improve diplomatic relations with the Ming government.  Although the age of ShoHou was similar to that of King ShoNei’s uncle-in-law, the Shimazu family expected ShoHou to be the next king instead of his son. ShoHou petitioned the Ming government to approve him as the son of King ShoNei, so as to be the throne of Zhongshanwang (the king of Ryukyu) after ShoNei’s death. The Emperor of the Ming Dynasty enthroned ShoHou without hindrance. Thus, the problem between the Ming government and Ryukyu was settled peacefully.  ShoNei and ShoHou belong to the same generation originated from the founder ShoYen. How did the royal family and the government recognize the relationship between these two kings and set up their spiritual tablets on the altar in the temples or the places of genealogical tables in history books? This study demonstratively investigated the above-mentioned recognition and set up.  It is important to understand the establishment process of rituals for ancestor worship of the Second Syo Dynasty. The results obtained in this study contribute to research on historical features of monarchies in East Asia.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :1345-3319
Publisher :琉球大学教育学部
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/49868
Citation :琉球大学教育学部紀要=Bulletin of Faculty of Education University of the Ryukyus no.99 p.190 -206
Appears in Collections:No.99 (2021/9)

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