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The bulletin of the Research and Clinical Center for Children with Disabilities >
No.1 (1999) >

 
Title :学習障害サスペクト児の数学学習(事例研究)II : 数学学習の可能性と学習困難の特徴
Title alternative :A Child with a 'Trait' of LD in Mathematics : A Case Study Learning Possibilities and Some Problems
Authors :小田切, 忠人
Authors alternative :Kotagiri, Tadato
Issue Date :28-Oct-1999
Abstract :This study attempts to demonstrate that a child with learning disability (LD) can successfully acquire the algorithms for addition and subtraction by means of progressing through a sequence of steps or learning stages which are represented here by the labels 'Real World, ' 'World of Models, ' 'World of Schemas, ' and 'World of Mathematics.' The sequence of the learning stages is the idea of teaching/learning adopted by many Japanese teachers for non-LD children. Specific features of LD are here identified and clarified through observation of the learning difficulties which are exposed within remedial teaching processes. The subject under study here was a fourth-grade pupil who was unable to perform adequately even elementary-level, first-grade calculations. The child's subtype of LD was classified as 'global'. The approach taken to remedial teaching was based on the Suido-Method. The results of this study indicate that a child that exhibits LD can nonetheless succeed in being able to manipulate mathematical ideas and to build the algorithms of addition and subtraction. Moreover, this particular child even managed to discover a new algorithm for subtraction. Five types of difficulties were observed which show potential for the diagnosis of LD : Persistence of Procedural Approach, Problems of Synthesizing, Problems of Attention, Low-Maturity of Meta-Cognition, and Slow Learning. Indications are strong that instruction and learning which incorporates meaningful approaches, such as in the Suido-Method, is more effective than so-called drill-and-practice learning such as is evident in the rote-learning method.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :1345-0476
Publisher :琉球大学教育学部附属障害児教育実践センター
URI :http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12000/5052
Citation :琉球大学教育学部障害児教育実践センター紀要 = The bulletin of the Research and Clinical Center for Handicapped Children no.1 p.77 -101
Appears in Collections:No.1 (1999)

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